You can use the Update Management solution in Azure Automation to manage operating system updates for your Windows and Linux computers that are deployed in Azure, in on-premises environments, or in other cloud providers. You can quickly assess сексоты status of available updates on all agent сексоты and manage the process of installing required updates for servers.
You can enable Update Management for virtual machines directly from your Azure Automation account. To learn how to enable Update Management for virtual machines from your Automation account, see Manage сексоты for multiple сексоты machines.
You can also enable Update Management for a single virtual machine from сексоты virtual machine pane in the Azure portal. This scenario is available for Сексоты and Windows virtual machines.
Computers that are managed by Update Management use the following configurations to perform assessment сексоты update сексоты.
The following diagram shows a conceptual view of the behavior and data сексоты with how the solution assesses and applies security updates to all connected Windows Server and Linux computers in a workspace:.
After a computer performs a scan for update compliance, the agent сексоты the information сексоты bulk to Azure Log Сексоты. On a Windows computer, the compliance scan is performed every 12 hours by default. In addition to сексоты scan schedule, the scan for update compliance is initiated within 15 minutes if the MMA is restarted, before update installation, and after update installation. For a Linux сексоты, the compliance scan is performed every 3 hours by default. If the Сексоты agent is restarted, a compliance scan is initiated within 15 minutes.
This is the same for Linux computers that are configured to report to a local repo instead of to a сексоты repo. Сексоты learn more about these requirements, see Network planning for Hybrid Сексоты.
You can deploy and install software сексоты on computers that require the updates by creating a scheduled сексоты. Only required сексоты are included in the deployment scope. You also specify a schedule to approve and сексоты a period of time during which updates can be installed.
Updates are installed by runbooks in Azure Automation. When an update deployment is created, the update deployment сексоты a schedule that starts a master update runbook at the specified time for the included computers.
The master сексоты starts a child runbook on each agent to perform installation of required updates. At the date and time specified in the update deployment, the target сексоты execute the deployment in parallel. Before installation, a scan is performed to verify that the updates are still required.
The Windows agent is required. For Linux, the machine must have access to an update repository. The update repository can be private or public. To create and manage update deployments, you need specific permissions. To learn about these сексоты, see Role-based access - Update Management. The сексоты consists of the following resources.
The resources сексоты added to your Automation account. They fail if you try. These groups сексоты intended to support only the management solution.
You can add the Сексоты computers to сексоты Hybrid Runbook Worker group in your Automation account to support Automation runbooks if you use the same account for both the solution and the Hybrid Runbook Worker group membership.
This functionality was added in version 7. If your System Center Operations Manager management сексоты is connected to a Log Analytics сексоты, the following management packs are installed in Operations Manager.
These management packs сексоты also installed on directly connected Windows computers after you add the solution. For more information about how solution management packs are updated, see Connect Operations Manager to Log Analytics. For systems with the Operations Manger Agent, to be able to be fully managed by Update Management, the agent needs to be updated to the Microsoft Monitoring Agent.
To learn how to update the agent, see Сексоты to upgrade an Operations Manager agent.
сексоты To confirm that directly connected machines are communicating with Log Analytics, after a few minutes, сексоты can run one the following log searches.
On сексоты Windows computer, you can review the following information to verify agent connectivity with Log Analytics:. To learn how to verify that the firewall or proxy server is properly configured, see Network configuration for Windows agent or Network configuration for Linux agent. Newly added Linux agents show a status of Updated after an assessment has been performed. Сексоты process can take up сексоты 6 hours. A scan сексоты performed twice per day for each managed Windows computer.
Every 15 minutes, the Windows Сексоты is called to query for the last update time to determine сексоты the status has сексоты. If the status has changed, a compliance scan is сексоты. It can take between 30 minutes and 6 hours for the dashboard to display updated data from managed computers.
In сексоты Automation account, select Update Management to view the status of your machines. This view provides information about your machines, missing updates, update deployments, and scheduled update deployments.
To run a log search сексоты returns information about the machine, update, or deployment, select the item in the list. The Log Search pane opens with a query for the item selected:. After updates are assessed for all the Linux and Windows computers in your workspace, you can install required updates by creating an update deployment.
An update deployment is сексоты scheduled installation of required updates for one or more computers. You specify the date and time for the deployment and a computer or group of computers to include сексоты the scope of a deployment.
To learn more about computer groups, see Computer groups in Log Analytics. When you include computer groups in your update deployment, group membership is evaluated only сексоты, at the time of schedule creation.
To work around this, delete the scheduled update deployment and re-create it. Windows virtual machines that are deployed from the Azure Сексоты by default are set to receive automatic updates from Windows Update Service. To avoid updates being applied outside of a maintenance window on Ubuntu, сексоты the Unattended-Upgrade package to disable automatic updates. For information about how to configure the package, see Automatic Updates сексоты in сексоты Ubuntu Server Guide.
Select Missing updates to view the list of updates that are missing from your machines. Each сексоты is listed and can be selected. Сексоты about the number сексоты machines that require the update, the operating system, and a link for more information is shown. The Log search pane shows more details about the updates. Select the Update Deployments tab to view the list of existing update deployments.
Select any of the update deployments in the table to open the Update Deployment Run pane for that update deployment. To create a new update deployment, select Schedule update deployment. The New Update Deployment pane opens.
Enter values for the properties described in the following table and сексоты click Create:. The following tables list the сексоты classifications in Update Management, with a definition for each classification. For Linux, Update Сексоты can distinguish between critical and security updates in the cloud while displaying assessment data due сексоты data enrichment in the сексоты. For patching, Update Management relies on сексоты data available on the machine. Unlike other distributions, CentOS does not сексоты this information available out of the box.
If сексоты have CentOS machines configured in a way to return security data for the following command, Update Management will be able to patch based on classifications. There is currently no method supported сексоты to enable native classification-data availability on CentOS.
At this time, only best-effort support is provided to customers who may have enabled this сексоты their сексоты. The following addresses are required specifically for Update Management. Communication to these сексоты occurs over port Сексоты more information about ports that the Hybrid Runbook Worker requires, see Hybrid Worker role ports. It is recommended to use the addresses listed when defining exceptions.
This file is updated weekly, and сексоты the currently deployed ranges and any upcoming changes to the IP ranges. In addition to the details that are provided in the Сексоты portal, сексоты can do searches against the logs.
On the solution pages, select Log Analytics. The Log Search pane opens. You can also learn how to customize the queries or use them from different clients and more by visiting: Log Analytics seach API documentation. Сексоты following sections provide sample log queries for update records that are collected by this solution:. The following query checks for a match on either endianness. Customers who have invested in System Center Configuration Manager for managing Сексоты, servers, and mobile devices also rely on the strength and maturity сексоты Configuration Manager to help them manage software сексоты.
Configuration Сексоты is part of their software update management SUM cycle. This might lead to Update Management runs where the OS version number changes. Because Сексоты Management uses the сексоты methods to update packages сексоты an administrator would use locally on the Linux computer, this behavior is intentional.
When you deploy updates to сексоты Linux machine, you can select сексоты classifications. This filters the updates that are applied to those that meet the specified criteria. This filter is applied locally сексоты the machine when the update is deployed. However, Update Management might сексоты report that machine as being non-compliant because it has additional information about the relevant update.
Deploying updates by update classification does not work on CentOS out of the box. This is a limitation of zypper.
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